Shrubby CinquefoilDasiphora fruticosa (L.) Rydb.
A popular small garden shrub, Shrubby Cinquefoil is a perennial whose branches remain over the winter, though the leaves die off every fall. Its small, yellow flowers have no noticeable scent, but their nectar is attractive to butterflies, bees, and some flies. Their leaves also provide a food source for some butterfly larvae. These plants require very little care, making them a good choice for revegetation of disturbed areas.
Canadian Rarity Status:
Not rare. Listed as “sensitive” in Nunavut and “may be at risk” on Prince Edward Island.
The branching stems grow 30-150 cm, are spreading to erect, and have reddish-brown shredding bark. Short-stalked, alternate leaves are divided into 3-7 narrow, oblong to linear leaflets with smooth edges that are often rolled-under. Yellow flowers are single in upper leaf axils or clustered at branch tips. Each one has five rounded petals, 20-25 stamens, numerous styles, and five, hairy, lance-shaped sepals that persist in fruit. Fruits are numerous, egg-shaped, hairy achenes.
Seeds and/or plants are often available from greenhouses and seed supply companies specializing in native plants. Plants can be propagated by seeds or cuttings, and are a good addition to butterfly, prairie, and rock gardens.
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
- Fescue Prairie
- Mixed Grass Prairie
- Tall Grass Prairie
- Alpine Zones
- Forest Edges
- Open Woodlands
- River Valleys
- Full Sun
- Andrenid Bees, Miner/Digger Bees (Andrenidae)
- Braconid Wasps (Braconidae)
- Bumble, Honey, and other Bees (Apidae (Subfamily Apinae))
- Flower Flies (Syrphidae)
- Soldier Beetles (Cantharidae)
- Soldier Flies (Stratiomyidae)
- Sweat Bees, Halictid Bees and other Bees (Halictidae)
- Yellow-faced Bees (Colletidae)