Flodman's ThistleCirsium flodmanii (Rydb.) Arthur
Although this native thistle spreads by rhizomes, it is not an aggressive species. Its flowers are a nectar and pollen source for many butterflies and bees. Male and female flowers occur on different plants, and insects must visit both for successful pollination. Birds often eat the seeds, or use the fluffy bristles to line their nests. These bristles also help the seeds move by floating on the wind.
Canadian Rarity Status:
Not rare. Listed as “may be at risk” in Ontario and “exotic” in Quebec.
The fuzzy, branching stem of this perennial grows 30 - 100 cm tall. Its alternate leaves have deep triangular lobes, sharp spines, fuzzy undersides, and get smaller up the stem. Flowering heads occur singly at the top of each branch, and are 2-3 cm high with numerous disc flowers. Green bracts with white stripes surround each rounded base. Fruiting heads consist of many achenes with a characteristic yellow band near their feathery bristles.
Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.), Wavy-leaved Thistle (Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) Spreng.)
Seeds and/or plants may be available from greenhouses and seed supply companies specializing in native plants.
- British Columbia
- Fescue Prairie
- Mixed Grass Prairie
- Tall Grass Prairie
- Full Sun