HarebellCampanula rotundifolia L.
The purple bell-shaped flowers of this perennial are attractive, but have no noticeable scent. They are pollinated by hummingbirds and bees, and also attract various fly species. Whether raw or cooked, the leaves are edible, and plants have been used by Indigenous people for medicinal purposes. They can become somewhat weedy as their seeds are easily dispersed by the wind.
Canadian Rarity Status:
Not rare. Listed as “sensitive” in Nunavut and as “may be at risk” in the Yukon.
The mostly unbranched, slender stems grow 15-80 cm tall. Alternate stem leaves are linear with smooth edges, while stalked basal leaves are oval to heart-shaped with smooth to coarsely-toothed edges and senesce early. Bell-shaped, nodding flowers occur in small clusters on stems ends. Each flower has five united petals with outwardly curving lobes, a 3-lobed stigma, and a green 5-parted calyx. Fruits are nodding, oval-shaped capsules with numerous tiny seeds.
Tall Lungwort (Mertensia paniculata (Ait) G. Don.)
Seeds and/or plants are often available from greenhouses and seed supply companies specializing in native plants. They are easy to grow, and a good addition to bird, woodland, rock, and prairie gardens. They can be propagated by seed or by root/stem cuttings.
- British Columbia
- New Brunswick
- Northwest Territories
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
- Fescue Prairie
- Mixed Grass Prairie
- Tall Grass Prairie
- Forest Edges
- River Valleys
- Rocky Slopes
- Full Sun
- Part Shade
- Bumble, Honey, and other Bees (Apidae (Subfamily Apinae))
- Cheese Skippers (Piophilidae)
- Flower Flies (Syrphidae)
- Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)
- Leafcutter and Mason Bees (Megachilidae)
- Muscid Flies (Muscidae)
- Shore Flies (Ephydridae)
- Skippers (Hesperiidae)
- Sweat Bees, Halictid Bees and other Bees (Halictidae)
- Yellow-faced Bees (Colletidae)